Developments in Health Privacy and Cybersecurity Policy and Regulation: OCR Issues Cybersecurity Warnings and New Health Data Legislation Is Introduced
On March 17, 2022, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service’s Office for Civil Rights (“OCR”) issued industry guidance for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (“HIPAA”) regulated entities to take preventative steps to protect against some of the more common, and often successful, cyber-attack techniques. For example, the number of breaches of unsecured electronic Personal Health Information (“ePHI”) reported to the OCR affecting 500 or more individuals due to hacking or IT incidents increased 45% from 2019 to 2020. Further, OCR noted that the number of breaches due to hacking or IT incidents accounted for 66% of all breaches affecting 500 or more individuals reported to the Department in 2020. OCR concludes most cyber-attacks could be prevented or substantially mitigated if HIPAA covered entities and business associates implemented HIPAA Security Rule requirements to address the most common types of attacks.
OCR’s reminders and recommendations for regulated entities include to: (more…)