The EU-U.S. Privacy Shield has survived its infancy, although the October 18, 2017 European Commission report on its first annual review of the functioning of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield (the “Report”) leaves uncertainty as to the long-term future of EU-U.S. Privacy Shield if the U.S. is unwilling or unable to adopt further Commission “recommendations”. The Report details the Commission’s findings on the implementation and enforcement of the Privacy Shield during its first year of operation. (more…)
On 4 October 2017 the Article 29 Working Party (“WP29”) published its final Guidelines on Data Protection Impact Assessment (“DPIA”) which were initially released in draft form in April 2017. Article 35 of the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) requires the use of DPIAs, or risk assessments of the proposed processing of personal data by an organisation, as part of regular business processes. The key revisions to note are in relation to the following concepts: (more…)
The EU Commission, through a joint statement on 4 July 2017 by Vera Jourova, EU Commissioner for Justice, and Haruchi Kumazawa, a Commissioner of Japan’s Personal Information Protection Commission, announced that the process is underway to provide Japan an EU adequacy decision on international data transfers by early 2018. Once approved, Japan will become the 13th country (crediting the US with an adequacy finding for organizations certifying under the Privacy Shield) globally and the first Asian country to be given adequate status by the EU Commission. (more…)
Big Data has been a hot topic of discussion in recent years. This was especially the case in Brussels, where the fiercely debated EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was adopted in 2016. A major concern for all of us is personal privacy. Less discussed is the use of Big Data for social good.
A traditional sectoral approach to harnessing the potential of Big Data for social good is insufficient. This is the case in terms of organisations from different sectors partnering to develop new technologies. It also means that legislation and policies on Big Data must be forward thinking and facilitate cross-sectoral co-operation. (more…)
In a statement of intent published on 7 August 2017, the UK Government has committed to updating and strengthening data protection laws through a new Data Protection Bill (the “Bill”). The Bill will incorporate the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”) into UK law.
According to the UK’s Minister of State for Digital, Matt Hancock, the Bill will “give [the UK] one of the most robust, yet dynamic, set of data laws in the world. The Bill will give people more control over their data, require more consent for its use, and prepare Britain for Brexit.” (more…)
On January 26, 2017 Sidley hosted “Data Protection in Finance 2017: GDPR Readiness – Strategies and Practice” in association with DataGuidance. The interactive conference provided opportunities for networking with industry peers, as well as a full day of informative panel discussions focused on practical steps to achieve compliance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation’s (“GDPR”).
The Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) issued, on December 21, 2016, its ruling in the joined cases, Tele2 Sverige AB v. Post-och telestyrelsen (C-203/15), and Secretary of State for Home Department v. Tom Watson and Others (C-698/15), concerning the interpretation of EU’s Article 15(1) of the ePrivacy Directive (2002/58/EC). Article 15(1) enables EU Member States to adopt measures that restrict privacy rights granted to users of Electronic Communication Services (“ECSs”) when they are “necessary, appropriate and proportionate… to safeguard national security”. Examples of ECSs include private and public companies in Internet, telecommunication, satellite and cable businesses. (more…)
On 11 April 2016, the European Commission consulted on Directive 2002/58/EC on privacy and electronic communications (the “ePrivacy Directive”), seeking input from a wide range of businesses, organizations and individuals on the effectiveness of the ePrivacy Directive and their views for its revision. The European Commission’s review is a key element of its Digital Single Market Strategy, which aims to reinforce trust and security in digital services in the EU.
The European Commission released the results of this consultation on 19 December 2016. The consultation received 421 replies from stakeholders in all Member States and outside the EU, which included 162 replies from citizens; 186 contributions from industry actors; 40 public authorities, including competent authorities which enforce the ePrivacy Directive at national level; 33 contributions from civil society associations. The largest number of respondents came from Germany (25.9%), UK (14.3%), Belgium (10%) and France (7.1%).
On December 13, 2016 at its plenary meeting, the EU’s Article 29 Working Party (“WP29”) adopted guidance on the EU-US Privacy Shield Framework for businesses and individuals in Europe. Since the U.S. Department of Commerce began accepting certifications to the Privacy Shield in August 2016, almost 1,300 companies have self-certified to the Privacy Shield and we understand many more are awaiting approval from the Department of Commerce.
Ten state German data protection authorities announced on 3 November 2016 that they would be conducting a review of approximately 500 companies in respect of their international transfers of personal data. Under EU data protection laws, there is a general prohibition on transfers of personal data to countries outside the European Economic Area (“EEA“), which do not ensure an adequate level of protection, such as the US, unless certain exemptions apply. Exemptions include, for example, consent of the data subjects, EU-US Privacy Shield certification, Binding Corporate Rules and EU data transfer agreements known as “Model Contracts.”