The Biden administration’s executive order issued on October 30, 2023, includes a number of initiatives relating to the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI), including in healthcare. As AI becomes a pivotal point of innovation for the healthcare industry, digital health healthcare technology developers, private equity sponsors, and other key industry stakeholders should track the regulatory frameworks certain to be developed following this executive order to better inform strategies for developing drugs and devices and assessing deals involving AI.
Digital health companies should take note of new data privacy and security developments under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) that can affect product planning and customer negotiations.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has released a request for information (RFI) seeking input on (1) how covered entities implement recognized security practices, which OCR considers in enforcement matters and (2) the different types of harm that individuals experience from HIPAA violations in order to consider how OCR may share enforcement recoveries with individuals harmed. Digital health companies subject to HIPAA should consider submitting comments by the June deadline to ensure that the evolving digital health industry has a voice in establishing industry best practices and advocating for continued flexibility in the implementation of security standards that suit their unique business needs distinct from traditional covered entities and business associates. (more…)
On March 17, 2022, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Service’s Office for Civil Rights (“OCR”) issued industry guidance for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (“HIPAA”) regulated entities to take preventative steps to protect against some of the more common, and often successful, cyber-attack techniques. For example, the number of breaches of unsecured electronic Personal Health Information (“ePHI”) reported to the OCR affecting 500 or more individuals due to hacking or IT incidents increased 45% from 2019 to 2020. Further, OCR noted that the number of breaches due to hacking or IT incidents accounted for 66% of all breaches affecting 500 or more individuals reported to the Department in 2020. OCR concludes most cyber-attacks could be prevented or substantially mitigated if HIPAA covered entities and business associates implemented HIPAA Security Rule requirements to address the most common types of attacks.
OCR’s reminders and recommendations for regulated entities include to: (more…)