Certification by a professional institution is one of the mechanisms permitted under China’s Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) to legitimize cross-border transfers of personal information. Other permitted mechanisms include governmental security review and standard contractual clauses to be issued by the Chinese government. However, to date, there have been no clear rules on the criteria and procedures for obtaining the PIPL certification. (more…)
The concept of “important data” is a cornerstone of China’s data regulatory regime. The Cyber Security Law (2017) (the CSL) prohibits operators of critical information infrastructures (CIIs) from transferring their “important data” and personal information outside of China. The Data Security Law (2021) (the DSL) and some recent draft regulations indicate that the prohibition on exports of “important data” is likely to apply to all companies, whether CII operators or not.
Then, what are “important data”? (more…)