On 4 July 2023, the EU Commission proposed a new Regulation for procedural rules to standardize and streamline cooperation between EU Member State Data Protection Authorities (DPAs) when enforcing the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in cross-border cases (GDPR Procedural Regulation). The GDPR adopts a decentralized enforcement model. National EU Member State DPAs are competent to enforce the GDPR on their respective territories. However, in cases with cross-border elements, the GDPR requires all concerned DPAs to cooperate in accordance with the GDPR’s “one-stop-shop” through cooperation and consistency mechanisms. Although these mechanisms establish key principles of cooperation and provide the basis for consistent application of the GDPR throughout the EU, the EU Commission determined more legislative action was needed to increase efficiency and harmonization of cross-border GDPR enforcement action.
Following the EU’s increased focus on generative AI with the inclusion of foundation and generative AI in the latest text of the EU AI Act (see our post here), the UK now also follows suit, with the UK’s Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) communicating on 15 June 2023 its intention to “review key businesses’ use of generative AI.” The ICO warned businesses not to be “blind to AI risks” especially in a “rush to see opportunity” with generative AI. Generative AI is capable of generating content e.g., complex text, images, audio or video, etc. and is viewed as involving more risk than other AI models because of its ability to be used across different sectors (e.g., law enforcement, immigration, employment, insurance and health), and so have a greater impact across society – including in relation to vulnerable groups.
Just before Americans began their Fourth of July holiday, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) Division of Enforcement Director announced that the division has established two key task forces: the Cybersecurity and Emerging Technologies and the Environmental Fraud Task Force.1 Both task forces will be staffed with attorneys and investigators across the Division of Enforcement with the goal of serving as subject matter experts and prosecuting cases. As a result, CFTC registrants should be prepared for heightened focus on cybersecurity and environmental fraud, particularly in the derivatives and relevant spot markets.
On July 10, 2023, the European Commission issued its Final Implementing Decision granting the U.S. adequacy (“Adequacy Decision”) with respect to companies that subscribe to the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework (“DPF”).
On 14 June 2023, the European Parliament adopted – by a large majority – its compromise text for the EU’s Artificial Intelligence Act (“AI Act”), paving the way for the three key EU Institutions (the European Council, Commission and Parliament) to start the ‘trilogue negotiations’. This is the last substantive step in the legislative process and it is now expected that the AI Act will be adopted and become law on or around December 2023 / January 2024. The AI Act will be a first-of-its-kind AI legislation with extraterritorial reach.
On 4 April 2023, John Edwards, the UK’s Information Commissioner, stated that the UK’s Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) would be “going after providers of women’s health apps and auditing them, and getting them to change any practices that are non-compliant.” Speaking at the IAPP Global Privacy Summit in Washington DC, the Information Commissioner indicated that this proposed strategy forms part of the ICO’s new “agile” initiative, which will focus on “areas of vulnerability, targeting…intervention [where] that has the greatest impact”.
On January 10, 2023, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) published its 2023 Report on its Examination and Risk Monitoring Program (the Report).1 The 75-page Report includes four new topic areas for 2023: (1) manipulative trading, (2) fixed income — fair pricing, (3) fractional shares — reporting and order handling, and (4) Regulation SHO.
The EU Digital Markets Act (DMA) is set to revolutionize the way in which so-called ‘Big Tech’ is regulated in the EU, shifting toward ex-ante rulemaking and away from traditional after-the-fact enforcement. The DMA imposes a stringent regulatory regime on large online platforms (so-called “gatekeepers”) and gives the European Commission (Commission) new enforcement powers, including an ability to impose severe fines and remedies for noncompliance.
This Sidley Update highlights certain key disclosure considerations for preparing your annual report on Form 10-K for fiscal year 2022, including recent amendments to U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) disclosure rules and other developments that impact 2022 Form 10-K filings, as well as certain significant disclosure trends and current areas of SEC focus for disclosures. As always, we invite you to contact us with any questions on these topics or any other SEC reporting and compliance matters.
On December 5, 2022, the Division of Examinations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) released a Risk Alert discussing its observations on Regulation S-ID (Reg. S-ID) from recent examinations of SEC-registered investment advisers and broker-dealers. Reg. S-ID, the SEC’s implementation of the identity theft red flags rule, requires SEC-regulated financial institutions and creditors to develop and implement an identity theft prevention program (Program) with written policies and procedures that are updated periodically. The requirements for the Program are outlined in the text of Reg. S-ID, and there are guidelines in Appendix A to assist firms in creating and maintaining a compliant Program. As Reg. S-ID applies to both SEC and Commodity Futures Trading Commission-regulated entities, financial institutions and creditors should consider their compliance programs accordingly.