Last week, the U.S. Department of Commerce published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM) implementing Executive Orders (EO) 13984 and 14110 to prevent “foreign malicious cyber actors” from accessing U.S. infrastructure as a service products1 (IaaS Rule). The IaaS Rule seeks to strengthen the U.S. government’s ability to track “foreign malicious cyber actors” who have relied on U.S. IaaS products to steal intellectual property and sensitive data, engage in espionage activities, and threaten national security by attacking critical infrastructure.
On July 10, 2023, the European Commission issued its Final Implementing Decision granting the U.S. adequacy (“Adequacy Decision”) with respect to companies that subscribe to the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework (“DPF”).
The U.S. President and European Commission President announced in a joint press statement on March 25th, 2022 that an agreement “in principle” has been reached on a new Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Framework (Privacy Shield Agreement 2.0). Once approved and implemented, the agreement would facilitate the transatlantic flow of personal data and provide an alternative data transfer mechanism (in addition to EU Standard Contractual Clauses and Binding Corporate Rules) for companies transferring personal data from the EU to the U.S. This is a welcome announcement for companies that have been dealing with the legal uncertainty of such data flows following the Schrems II decision in July 2020, which invalidated the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield 1.0 for international transfers of personal data.